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You are at » Thailand Facts
THAILAND FACTS
The Kingdom of Thailand known for decades as Siam lies in the heart of Southeast Asia., making it a natural gateway to Indochina, Myanmar and Southern China. The country is bordered to the north by Laos and Burma, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and Burma. Its shape and geography divided into four natural regions, the mountains and forests of the North, the huge of paddy- fields in the central plains, the Semi-arid farm lands and long coastline of the peninsula south. The Country comprises 76 provinces which divided into districts, sub- districts and villages.
Thailand offers travelers the choice of everything from pristine beaches to ancient cities. Cultural attractions as well as temples, palaces, and archaeological sites abound. Exotic scenery is everywhere. Thailand is known as The Land of Smiles, the people are friendly with rich and colorful heritage that is reflected in many festivals through the year.
Bangkok is the capital city and center of political commercial, industrial, and cultural activities including floating markets, gleaming skyscrapers, legendary shopping and nightlife.
The northern country offers travelers secluded jungle, exotic rivers, mysterious hill tribes and fabulous temples. The north is the birthplace of the earliest Thai civilization
with many cultural sites and archaeological interest.
The city of Chiang Mai makes an excellent base for visiting ethnic tribes, soft adventure and shopping. Further north, Chiang Rai offers rafting, trekking, and tours of tribal villages.
Phuket offers sun-drenched beaches, coral reefs and picturesque fishing village, along with a large choice of accommodation from international resorts to high-end boutique hotels. Here you will find world class diving in the Andaman Sea, championship golf and unique local activities such as elephant trekking. Pristine water and excellent snorkeling and kayaking nearby Phi Phi Islands.
Country Name: Kingdom of Thailand
Land Area: 513,115 sq km (198,115 sq miles)
Capital: Bangkok
Population: 65, 068, 149 million (2007 estimate)
Density: 127 persons/ Sq Km /329 persons/ Sq mile (2007 estimate)
Ethnic Groups: Thai 75%, Chinese 14% , Malay 3%, Khmer,Hmong, Karen, and other 8%
Major religion:  Theravada Buddhism 85%, Muslim 7%, Nonreligious 2%, Christian 2% and other 4%
Major language: Thai, English, Chinese, Malay, Lao, and Mon-Khmer
Life expectancy: 70.2 years for male, and 75 years for female (2007 estimate)
Infant mortality rate: 19 deaths/ 1000 live births
Literacy rate: Female 95.1%, Male 97.7% (2005 estimate)
Number of years of compulsory schooling: 9 years (2002- 2003)
Number of students per teacher, primary school: 21 students per teacher (2002- 2003)
Form of government: Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State: King
Head of government: Prime Minister
Climate:Thailand's climate is tropical, high both in temperature and humidity, and dominated by monsoons. April and May are the hottest months of the year, when even the locals are moved to complain about the heat. June sees the beginning of the South West Monsoon, and brings with it the rainy season, which continues intermittently until the end of October.
From November to the end of February the climate is much less trying with a cooling North East breeze and a reduction in the humidity level. This is also the main tourist season, and the best time to visit Thailand.
The north and north-east are generally cooler than Bangkok in winter and hotter in summer. In the far north, around Mae Hong Son temperatures can occasionally drop as low as 2oC.
Currency: Thai baht (THB)
Voltage: 220v/50Hz
Time: GMT +7 hours 
Country Calling Code: +66
Internet domain: .th
Business Hours: 7:30-12:00 / 2:00-5:00 Closed Saturday afternoon and Sunday
 There are 6 international airports, they are:
 Don Muang International Airport
 Chiang Mai International Airport
 Hat Yai International Airport
 Phuket International Airport
 Chiang Rai International Airport
Suvarnabhumi International Airport 
  • Located in Racha Thewa in the Bang Phli district of Samut Prakan province, 30 kilometers east of Bangkok
  • Airport has 2 parallel runways 60 m. wide. One is 4,000 m. long and the second is 3700 m. long
  • 2 parallel taxiways accommodate simultaneous departures and arrivals
  • 120 parking bays (51 with contact gates and 69 remote gates). 5 gates can accommodate the Airbus A380
  • Capacity to handle 76 flight operations per hour, 45 million passengers per year
  • Long-term plans (3-5 years) call for 4 runways, 2 main terminals, 2 satellite
  • buildings to serve up to 100 million passengers
 International Airport Tax: USD14 or 500 Thai Bath
Domestic Airport Tax:
Visas Information:
According to the visa regulation of Thailand, all nationalities except for citizens of countries having bilateral agreements on visa exemption with Thailand, are required to have visa when entering Thailand. The Thai visa can be obtained in a Thai Embassy or Consulate-General. To apply for Thailand visa, the applicants are required to present the original passport with validity of at least 6 months after the date of entry to Thailand, and plus 2 photos.
At this time, nationals from 41 countries can now stay in Thailand for up to 30 days with an entry visa. The visitors from 20 others countries can obtain a 15 day tourist visa on arrival at following international check points. The categories of visas in Thailand are transiting, visitor transit, tourist, non-quota immigrant. Additionally, holders of transit, visitor transit and tourist visas are not allowed to work in Thailand.

 Visas Exemption:
The immigration regulation of Thailand allows the passport holders from below 40 countries and 1 special administrative region – Hong Kong SAR , to enter Thailand for tourism purposes without visa They will be permitted to stay in the Kingdom for a period of not exceeding 30 days on each visit and may re-enter and stay in Thailand for a cumulative duration of stay of not exceeding 90 days within any 6 month period from the date of first entry.

Visas exemption for nationals:
1. Australia : Commonwealth of Australia
2. Austria : Republic of Austria
3. Belgium : Kingdom of Belgium
4. Brazil : Federative Republic of Brazil (****)
5. Bahrain : State of Bahrain
6. Brunei Darussalam : Negara Brunei Darussalam
7. Canada
8. Denmark : Kingdom of Denmark
9. Finland : Republic of Finland
10. France : French Republic
11. Germany : Federal Republic of Germany
12. Greece : Hellenic Republic
13. Hong Kong : Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
14. Iceland : Republic of Iceland
15. Indonesia : Republic of Indonesia
16. Ireland : Republic of Ireland
17. Israel : State of Israel
18. Italy : Republic of Italy
19. Japan
20. Korea : Republic of Korea (****)
21. Kuwait : State of Kuwait
22. Luxembourg : Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
23. Malaysia
24. Netherlands : Kingdom of the Netherlands
25. New Zealand
26. Norway : Kingdom of Norway
27. Oman : Sultanate of Oman
28. Peru : Republic of Peru (****)
29. Philippines : Republic of the Philippines
30. Portugal : Republic of Portugal
31. Qatar : State of Qatar
32. Singapore : Republic of Singapore
33. Spain : Kingdom of Spain
34. South Africa : Republic of South Africa
35. Sweden : Kingdom of Sweden
36. Switzerland : Swiss Confederation
37. Turkey : Republic of Turkey
38. United Arab Emirates
39. United Kingdom : United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
40. United States of America
41. Vietnam : Socialist Republic of Vietnam

 Visas on arrival:
The immigration regulation of Thailand allows the citizen of below 20 countries to obtain a 15 day tourist visa on arrival at international entry gate with passport valid for at least 6 months. The applicant must possess means of living expenses at the amount of 10,000 Baht per person and 20,000 Baht per family accordingly. The applicant must present full paid ticket which is usable within 15 days since the date of entry . The visa on arrival is provided at 32 designated international checkpoints and applicants should submit the application form duly filled out and to which his/her recent photograph (4 x 6 cm) is attached. The application fee is 1,000 Baht. Visitors who enter the Kingdom with Visa on Arrival generally cannot file an application for extension of stay except in special cases such as illness which prevents them from travelling, … They can submit an application at the Office of Immigration Bureau , Immigration Division 1, Soi Suan Plu, South Sathorn Road, Bangkok 10120. Tel. 02 287-3127 or 02 287-3101-10 ext. 2264-5

 Visas on arrival for nationals:
1. Bhutan : Kingdom of Bhutan
2. China : People’s Republic of China (including Taiwan)
3. Cyprus : Republic of Cyprus
4. Czech : Czech Republic
5. Estonia : Republic of Estonia
6. Hungary : Republic of Hungary
7. India : Republic of India
8. Kazakhstan : Republic of Kazakhstan
9. Latvia : Republic of Latvia
10. Liechtenstein : Principality of Liechtenstein
11. Lithuania : Republic of Lithuania
12. Maldives : Republic of Maldives
13. Mauritius : Republic of Mauritius
14. Oman : Sultanate of Oman
15. Poland : Republic of Poland
16. Russian Federation
17. Saudi Arabia : Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
18. Slovakia : Slovak Republic
19. Slovenia : Republic of Slovenia
20. Ukraine

 Natural Resources: National gas, Lignite, gemstones, zinc, lead, tin, gypsum, iron ore, manganese.
Agricultures: Rice, cassava, sugarcane, rubbers, fruits, coconuts, maize, pineapple, kenaf, livestock
Industry: Garment, electronics and electronic goods, refined petroleum, motor, textiles, beverages, bricks, tiles, pottery, cigarettes, and cement.
 Handicrafts: Stone carvings, wood carvings, silk, silver, leather, pottery, jewelry, traditional musical instruments.
Trade exports:  Textiles and garments, electronic goods, semiconductors, prawns, rice, rubber, precious gems, cassava, sugar
Markets: United States, Singapore, Japan Hong Kong SAR, and China
Trade imports: Petroleum and petroleum products, machinery, Chemicals, iron & Steel
Markets:  Japan, United States, China, Malaysia, and Singapore
Tourist destinations:
Northern Thailand
 
Central Thailand
 
Southern Thailand
 
Tourist Attraction Sites:
Bangkok -
 The Damneon Saduak Floating Market and the Tailing Chan Floating Market
 The Khlong Bangkok Noi and Khlong Bang Yai-Royal Barges Museum
 The Royal Barges
 Wang Suan Pakkard
 Wat Arun Temple
 Vimanmek Mansion
Pattaya -
 The Sanctuary of Truth
  Khao Pattaya View Point and Wat Khao Phra Bat
  Under Water World-
 The Bottle Art Museum
  Ripley’s Believe it or Not
 Suan Chaloempharakiat
 Elephant Village
 Mini Siam
 Crocodile Farm
 Siriporn Orchid Farm
 Bhira International Circuit Race Course
 Miniature Racetrack
 Pattaya Water Park
 Lake Water Ski
 Bamrung Sailing and Paramotor Centre
 Nong Nooch Tropical Garden and Cultural Village
Chiang Mai :
 The Airport Plaza
 Kad Suan Kaew
 Warorot and Lamyai Markets
 The World Insects Museum
 Orchid Farms
Thailand Festivals:
 
Many of Thailand's annual events are determined by the lunar calendar, so dates change from year to year, this is particularly true of religious holidays. However, most larger shops no longer close for public holidays, although smaller retail outlets and family shops close for Chinese New Year and Songkran. Provinces have their own local festivals to celebrate harvests of seasonal crops.
The River of Kings Festival
Now In its fourth year, "The River of Kings Festival" presents a spectacular light-and-sound extravaganza in a grand theatrical production with a cast of more than 700 actors and actresses and two live elephants, depicting the history of Thailand (January 31- February 9, 2003 at Ratchaworadit Pier, Bangkok)
The Chiang Mai Flower Festival
Beauty contests, handicraft sales, flower displays and a parade of sumptuously decorated floats take to the streets as Chiang Mai residents celebrate flower power.
The Asean Barred Ground Dove Festival
Dove-lovers from across Thailand, and neighboring countries congregate at Khwan Muang Park, in Yala Province, to display their prize doves and take part in the dove-cooing competition, which usually involves more than 1,400 participants.
The Songkran Festival Nationwide.
The traditional Thai New Year usually falls around the 13-17th April, probably the best known of the Thai festivals. This simple and fun filled festival celebrates the Thai New Year. The exact date varies according to the solar calendar, but usually occurs around the 13th-15th April when the planets are positioned so that the days and nights are equal. Thais celebrate by visiting the temple to make merit, honor their relatives and "spring clean" their houses before entering the streets. Then the fun begins with water thrown over everyone passing by. The days of the traditional gentle pouring over the hands as a blessing have long since gone; replaced by water pistols and and buckets, but it's all very good natured and lots of fun. A great way to meet both locals and other travelers.
The Pattaya Festival
Usually a week after the Songkran festivities in Bangkok, this is a riotous celebration with parades, floats, beauty contests, food festivals, and a spectacular fireworks display.
The Royal Ploughing Ceremony
Presided over by the King and Queen at Sanam Luang in Bangkok, this ancient Brahmin festival marks the beginning of the rice-planting season. Predictions are made about weather and harvests for the coming year on the basis of which of the selected foods the sacred cows choose.
The Visakha Bucha - Nationwide.
Marked by night-time processions of worshippers around almost every temple in the kingdom, this festival celebrates the birth, enlightenment and passing of Lord Buddha.
The Yasothon Rocket Festival
Villagers from the poor northeastern province of Yasothon compete with each other to make the biggest, most explosive bamboo rockets during this annual rainmaking festival. Prizes are awarded for the rocket that reaches the highest trajectory.
The Candle Festival
Coinciding with Asalaha Bucha, this festival sees the streets of Ubon Ratchathani filled with processions of huge, beautifully carved beeswax candles, some of them several metres tall, that are to be presented to local temples. (July 13-14, 2003 at Tung Sri Muang, Muang District, Ubon Ratchathani Province)

The Birthday of Her Majesty the Queen - Nationwide.
Also marking Mother's Day in Thailand, the 12th of August see the towns and villages of the country festively decorated with lights and portraits of the Queen.
Phuket Vegetarian Festival
This ten day Chinese festival in Phuket has become world-famous for the gory pictures of people impaling their faces and bodies with everything from swords, spears and even fish. Apparently unable to feel pain and in a trance-like state, these people of Chinese ancestry parade in the streets with the various arrays of sharp objects still protruding from their flesh. A little less gory are the beauty pageants, fairs and food stalls that line the streets of Phuket town. (September 25-October 5, 2003 Phuket Town)
The Wax Castle Festival
The end of Buddhist Lent is marked by the people in the northeast of Thailand with the creation of miniature beeswax Buddhist temples and shrines. These "wax castles" help them to gain merit, which will determine their future rebirth. Sakon Nakhon has one of the most spectacular festivals with a grand wax procession, boat races and traditional northeastern cultural performances.
The Chon Buri Buffalo Races
A chance for buffalos to do more than just plough fields as they compete in races and contests pitting the strength of man against that of his faithful farm animal.
The Loy Krathong - Nationwide
The most beautiful of the Thai festivals, when all waterways, canals, rivers, coastal areas are illuminated by thousands of candles placed on floating kratongs. Held on full moon night each November, Wan Loy Kratong, in total contrast to Songkran, it's a very gentle festival.
The Kratongs or boats, created from the trunk of a banana tree and decorated with flowers candles and incense, are made in advance, ready to float upon the water. Prayers are said so that the krathong will float away, taking all bad spirits, bad luck and sins along with it. Many hotels in throughout the country often host a special evening so that guests can join in.
The Surin Elephant Roundup
With tug-o-wars, demonstrations of logging skills, ancient warfare parades, and even games of football, the elephants of Surin entertain the crowds of visitors to this north eastern town.
The Birthday of His Majesty the King - Nationwide
Flags, lights and portraits of His Majesty the King adorn the streets and building of every town and village on the 5th and the occasion is marked by a huge and spectacular fireworks display near the Grand Palace.
Thai Foods
Whether you have a preference for high quality restaurant with luxurious atmosphere or the small roadside food stalls serving mouthwatering fast food within a blink of an eye, food of Thailand will satisfy your taste buds.
Thai cuisine is marked for its fervent use of aromatic herbs like basils, lemon grass and a variety of spices. Food of Thailand is tasty and cooked with organic ingredients to guarantee freshness and hygiene. As you roam from place to place the style of cooking keeps changing. Fish sauce is added to almost every dish and most of the other dishes contain some kinds of animal extract.
Keeping with the predominant food habit of entire South-East Asia, rice is the fundamental part of Thai food. A standard Thai meal usually consists of rice and other preparations of vegetables, meats and fishes are served as side dishes.
Some of the famous culinary delights are Tom Yang Soup, a spicy delicious broth made by mixing meats, spices and several other ingredients. Sometimes the soup can contain shrimp, chicken, fish or squid. Gourmets can also opt for a variety of curries with thick gravy. The Red curry is hot and made of a generous amount of red chilies whether the refreshing green curry is lighter and mellow in taste. Cooked with chicken or fish meatballs mixed with fresh chilies and Thai basis this creamy, yummy dish is simply awesome. You can also find some mouthwatering snacks at the food stalls of Bangkok, Phuket and Pattaya. The snack items are mostly fried dishes containing chicken, pork, fish and other types of meats. Pan fried rice noodles with sumptuous amounts of chopped peanuts, tofu, tamarind or lime juice or thick gravy style noodles containing chunks of pork, chicken or seafood are some of the mind-blowing delicacies. To get an authentic taste of Thai culture, visitors must savor the food of Thailand.